Blackfeet Nation Off Reservation Bison Hunting Regulations for 2019/2020


Yellowstone Bison Hunting Regulations

2019/2020 Season

Members may engage in Yellowstone bison hunting on open and unclaimed lands in the West Yellowstone and Gardiner areas off of the Blackfeet Indian Reservation suject to the following conditions,

  1. Tribal Members may obtain an Yellowstone Bison license from the Blackfeet Fish & Wildlife Department or via the online licensing system at  Bison kill tags must be picked up at the Blackfeet Fish & Wildlife Department after verification of Blackfeet Tribal enrollment.
  2. A hunter must have his or her Tribal I.D. card and a Blackfeet Bison tag in his/her possession while hunting or while in possession of a bison/elk or parts thereof.
  3. The hunting of Yellowstone Bison/Elk is restricted by these regulations, annual harvest quotas and special annual regulations set by the Blackfeet Fish & Wildlife Department.

  4. The 2019-2020 Blackfeet Yellowstone Bison hunting season is December 5, 2019 through March 31, 2020.
  5. The Yellowstone Bison hunt area is described as those open and unclaimed lands found within the described 2019-2020 Montana Bison Hunt Legal Descriptions and respective maps by the Montana Fish, Wildlife and Parks.
  6. A Bison Permit is valid for one either sex bison or elk per year and hunters are prohibited from transferring their permit to another person or using a permit issued to another person.
  7. A hunt tag. The tag must be notched for the day and date the bison or elk was taken and must be so marked at the time of the kill. Permitted hunters must accompany the carcass during transportation unless otherwise authorized by BFWD. The tag must be attached to the animal once the animal is taken and must remain attached until processing of the animal has taken place.
  1. An Off-Reservation Bison permit shall consist of:
    1. A hunt tag. The tag must be notched for the day and date the bison was taken and must be so marked at the time of the kill. Permitted hunters must accompany the carcass during transportation.
    2. The tag must be attached to the animal once the animal is taken and must remain attached until processing of the animal has taken place.
    3. A harvest report card supplied by the BFW department that must be completed within one (1) business day of the kill or if unsuccessful no later than 7 days after the season close.  These harvest reports can be completed at the BFW office, online, or by mail.  Failure to submit your harvest report may result in suspension of future bison hunts.
  2. The only means of taking allowed are with a center-fire rifle with a 150 grain or larger bullet.  Tribal members are encouraged to use non-lead bullets.
  3. Only an enrolled Blackfeet tribal member with a Yellowstone bison tag can be hunting. Tribal hunters are encouraged to have 4 or 5 helpers to assist with retrieval, gutting, and butchering the bison. Helpers can be tribal members, non-members, or descendants, but they are not allowed to carry weapons or be involved in shooting the bison.
  4. Hunters are encouraged to read the information and recommendations contained withiin this site to  better care for the meat and be informed on Brucellosis.


Gardiner Bison Hunt Restriction for 2019-2020 Hunt Season


2019 to 2020 Season
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Blackfeet Tribal bison hunters are welcome to hunt anytime during the hunting season (December 5, 2019 through March 31, 2010) on public lands in the Gardiner and West Yellowstone areas.

Blackfeet game wardens may not always be present.  We will strive to provide Blackfeet Tribal game wardens during the peak(s) of bison migration, depending upon weather, snow depths, and bison movements.

Descendants and nonmembers can assist with the care and butchering of legally harvested bison/elk, but they are not allowed to carry a weapon or be involved in shooting the bison.

All Blackfeet Tribal bison/elk hunters should make it a point to read all the off-reservation bison hunting orientation materials.


National Park Service Regulations

With the opening of hunting seasons on lands surrounding Yellowstone National Park, hunters are reminded that hunting is not permitted within the park. Though most of the park boundary is well marked, it is the responsibility of the hunters to ensure they do not hunt within the park.

The Lacey Act and the Code of Federal Regulations strictly prohibit the killing or removal of any animal, living or dead, from inside Yellowstone. This includes animals shot legally outside the park that cross into and die within the park boundary. Taking and removing any animal parts, including shed antlers, is also prohibited.

Federal law allows people who can legally possess firearms under applicable federal, state and local laws, to legally possess and carry firearms in Yellowstone National Park, though discharge of firearms remains prohibited. The carry or use of other weapons such as bows, swords, and pellet or BB guns is prohibited. Additional details are available at

Continuing this year is a restriction on the transport of heads and spinal cords of deer, elk or moose that were taken in states known to have chronic wasting disease in wildlife. Complete details can be found on page 16 of the 2010 Superintendent’s Compendium, which is available at

Game animal carcasses or parts may be transported through Yellowstone by motor vehicle on park roads only if they are covered or stored out of sight, accompanied by a transport permit from the National Park Service, and are bearing a valid tribal or state tag as evidence that the animal was taken legally outside of the park.

Transport permits must be secured before entering the park and can be obtained at any park entrance station or by calling 307-344-7381 and arranging to meet with a park ranger.

Game animals cannot be transported on backcountry trails or stored overnight anywhere in the park, including campgrounds, parking lots or at concession facilities. Stock users are reminded that proof of a current, negative Coggins test is required for all horses and mules being transported into or through the park.

Visitors or hunters who observe illegal hunting activity within the park should call the Park Service tip line at 307-344-2132. In some cases a cash reward is offered for information leading to the arrest and conviction of anyone illegally using firearms in the park or illegally killing or transporting wildlife in the park.